ABOUT AVIATION ART

                  usnpilot.jpg               B17crewman.jpg

                                      US Navy Pilot 1944                                                               USAAF B-17 Crewman 1943

 

Limited Edition Prints 

Since the mid twentieth century, printmaking technology has advanced rapidly. The innovation that changed the industry - an advanced photographic printing method that allowed larger press runs of uniformly identical color prints of great fidelity to the original work, printed with a wide variety of faderesistant inks. Offset lithography, essentially the transfer of a photographically-reproduced image from a metal press plate to paper via rubber rollers or "blankets" became the industry standard. Now any original work - watercolor or oil painting - could be reproduced as a high-quality print edition for collectors.

It was the Military Gallery and print publishing companies who, in the 1960s and early '70s capitalized on this development and successfully introduced and marketed "limited-edition," artist-signed, and numbered prints of original paintings by Robert Taylor, and Nicolas Trudgian. Unlike earlier manual printmaking methods where restrikes of reworked plates or stones were often made to satisfy further demand, these new editions, though larger, were now strictly limited to a single press run with the plates and color separations destroyed afterwards to prevent further reproduction. The artist would customarily inspect, sign and number the entire edition. Prints with imperfections or unsatisfactory color balance would be destroyed.

This limited-edition collector print concept proved highly successful. A mass market for affordable fine art prints of many themes developed as publishers scrambled to meet the demands of the generation of collectors for collectable and evocative Aviation art. As the market grew, publishers began offering "artist's proofs" to collectors. Traditionally the proof was the first, often unfinished, impression "pulled" by the artist or printer from a block, plate or stone - a check of the quality of the work. The proof was now redefined as a small additional number of prints run off the press, selected by the artist, separately numbered and generally priced higher than the rest of the edition. Also remarques , a small personalised drawing on the margin of a print , have started to become very popular.

Originally created and used for commercial, political and artistic purposes, early prints are visual documents of the times before the advent of photography. After the camera came of age, talented artists continued to produce memorable images uncapturable on film. It is the subject matter, scarcity, and talent of the artist that makes a print collectable. It is modern technology that makes this unique form of graphic reproduction accurate and affordable. By bringing to life for us man's adventures in the air, today's aviation artists and publishers continue the venerable craft of printmaking that has been handed down through the ages.

Definitions

Signed by the Artist and Numbered (or S/N)  
Each Fine Art Edition is signed by the artist, certifying their inspection and approval, then numbered.

Edition Size  
The edition size is the number of reproductions in any given print or canvas release. There are two numbers on a Fine Art Edition—for example, 157/250. The number on the bottom (250) refers to the total number of reproductions in the edition. The number above (157) is the number of the individual print.

Dimensions
Dimensions are marked in inches, listed width by height (w" x h") and refer only to the image area on a print or canvas.

Stretched / Unstretched (Canvas)

Most canvases are delivered to your Authorized Dealer already stretched. Canvases that exceed 36" are delivered to your Dealer unstretched and rolled in a tube.

Gallery Wrap  
Stretched canvas with a clean, staple-free edge which can be displayed with or without a picture frame.
 
Claybord™
A museum quality, acid-free panel coated with a smooth absorbent comparable to the clay gesso grounds used during the Renaissance.

Low Inventory  
A Fine Art Limited Edi­tion that is nearly Sold Out at Publisher.

Sold Out at Publisher
No inventory of that particular edition remains at The Greenwich Workshop. Be sure to check with your Authorized Dealer as they may have one in stock or may be able to locate it on the secondary market.

Artist Proofs (or APs)  
An exclusive subset of any given release traditionally reserved for use by the artist and publisher. Collectors give greater value to APs, as they are often difficult to obtain. These are signed and numbered separately from the edition. The letters “AP” can be found written beside the numbers, for example, AP 1/20.

Remarque
A sketch or watercolor, usually handmade by the artist, which may accompany a special fine art edition.
Order Period  A set period of time during which orders can be placed for a fine art edition.

Fine Art Reproduction Techniques

Fine Art Giclée Print
A Fine Art print is a Edition replicated on archival quality paper using glicée printing.

Fine Art Giclée Canvas
A Fine Art canvas is a Edition printed on archival quality canvas using glicée printing.

Giclée (pronounced zshee-clay)  
Giclée is a digital printing technology in which incredibly fine jets of ink literally “spray” the image onto paper or canvas. This process builds the fine art reproduction in infinitesimal increments as the paper or canvas passes beneath.

Offset Lithography (Print / Canvas)

Offset lithography is a photomechanical or digital printing technique that transfers an image from metal or paper plates onto rubber rollers (called printing blankets), then onto the final paper or canvas. Greenwich Workshop inks and archival papers and canvases are specially made to our exact specifications, resulting in unmatched clarity and color fidelity to the original.

Textured Canvas  
This unique and complicated canvas technique replicates the look and feel of an original painting, right down to an artist’s brushstrokes. Oil-based inks are laid on a thin piece of oil-based material using the process of offset lithography. A textured mold is created from the original artwork, and heat and vacuum pressure bond this mold to the final canvas.

Original Stone Lithograph  
This is an age-old technique in which an image is drawn on a stone by the artist (in reverse!) and then pressed by hand, one color at a time, onto paper or canvas. Each lithograph is considered an original because the image is created during the process, thus no two are exactly the same.

Serigraphy  
The serigraph process (also known as silk-screening) is a time-honored hand printing technique, based on stenciling. Ink or paint is carefully brushed through a fine fabric screen, portions of which have been masked for impermeability. For each color, a different portion of the screen must be masked, and each color must be allowed to dry before the next is applied. The depth of color in the resulting fine art serigraph is almost luminous.

Hand-Tinting  
Hand-tinting predates the introduction of color lithography and enhances the concept of a lithograph as an original since an artist applies original brushwork.

Artist-Enhanced  
Some paper or canvas editions include brushstrokes done by hand by the artist. These additions enhance both the look and value of the work.